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Many types of brain damage were seen in the studies, including dead spots and empty spaces in the brain, cataracts and congenital deafness.

There were, however, large differences among these studies in how likely it was that a child would be hurt by the infection.

One study, published by The Journal of the American Medical Association, assessed 442 pregnancies registered with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention between January and September in the continental United States and Hawaii, most of them in returning travelers.

That report found that 6 percent had birth defects. None of those birth defects occurred in infants born to women infected in the second or third trimester.

By contrast, in a study of 125 Zika-infected women in Rio de Janeiro done by Brazilian and American scientists and released by The New England Journal of Medicine, almost half of pregnancies had “adverse outcomes,” ranging from fetal deaths to serious brain damage.

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NY Times

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