Hans Sloane collected specimens of cacao in Jamaica in the 1680s. Sloane often collected on or near slave plantations, taking advantage of slavery’s infrastructure to advance his science

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Cranial surgery without modern anesthesia and antibiotics may sound like a death sentence. But trepanation—the act of drilling, cutting, or scraping a hole in the skull for medical reasons—was practiced for thousands of years from ancient Greece to pre-Columbian Peru

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After having trouble obtaining drugs needed for lethal injections, Oklahoma is planning to change its primary method of execution to nitrogen gas inhalation

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The controversy over NgAgo gene-editing intensifies. As failures to replicate results using the CRISPR alternative stack up, a quiet scientist stands by his claims

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Harding’s website Lab Scribbles is a test to see if this idea could work. There, Harding is publishing her lab notes on the structure of Huntington proteins in real time. She hopes the transparency will encourage others in the field to collaborate with her, correct her when she’s wrong, and, most importantly, help bring science up to the speed of the internet age

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The U.S. Supreme Court, in a 5-4 opinion, says the sedative used in Oklahoma’s lethal injection cocktail does not violate the U.S. Constitution’s ban on cruel and unusual punishment

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