Academics vet the work of their peers — for free, in their spare time — in a process that is supposed to weed out junk science before it’s published. But researchers say the task is thankless, that it slows down the publication process. To make matters worse, this cornerstone of the scientific method has surprisingly little evidence for its effectiveness, and many mysteries about how it works

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“The risk of fatality will be high,” Musk conceded in the course of describing SpaceX’s absurdly ambitious (and still preliminary) plan to establish a human colony on Mars. “There’s no way around it.”

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SpaceX plans to build a “self-sustaining city” on Mars, according to its founder Elon Musk. But, while we now know a lot more about how SpaceX plans to get to Mars, details about how people will actually survive up there remain sketchy

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One year ago, six volunteers—an astrobiologist, a physicist, a pilot, an architect, a journalist, and a soil scientist — entered a 36-by-20 foot dome, located near a barren volcano in Hawaii, to simulate what living conditions would be like on Mars. Today they re-emerged from their year-long isolation

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The fundamental ethical responsibilities of the cohort IRB remain the same as for any other IRB, Nancy Kass said, but there are particular issues that require sensitivity. Kass is a bioethicist and deputy director for public health in the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics. She also has been tapped by the National Institutes of Health to lead the central IRB for the Precision Medicine Cohort Program

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UK’s Royal Statistical Society among those demanding more information after the release of trial’s protocol

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